The Radio Lockdown Directive threatens user rights and Free Software, fair competition, innovation, environment, and volunteering – without comparable benefits for security. Many organisations and companies are joining up in proposing measures to EU institutions and EU member states to avoid these negative implications while keeping the Directive's goal intact. Please read the in-depth and constantly updated analysis and support the efforts of the FSFE where you can.
More and more devices connect to the Internet and each other using wireless and mobile networks. These include countless devices such as routers, mobile phones, WiFi-cards and laptops. All of them, as well as all Internet-of-Things devices, today and in the future, fall under the regulation of the Radio Equipment Directive 2014/53/EU (hereinafter ‘the Directive’), adopted in May 2014 by the European Parliament and the European Council. The main purposes of the Directive are harmonization of existing regulations, improving security of radio spectra, and protection of health and safety.
We support the general purpose of the Directive. However, we express our concerns over the far-reaching consequences of Article 3(3)(i) of the Directive, which require device manufacturers to check each device software's compliance in order to comply with the Directive.
We believe such requirement has negative implications on users' rights and Free Software, fair competition, innovation, environment, and volunteering – mostly without comparable benefits for security.
Article 3(3)(i) require device manufacturers to assess software for compliance with existing national radio regulations, a requirement which will keep users and companies from upgrading the software on devices they own, unless that software is assessed by the original manufacturer. This not only is a severe burden for device manufacturers themselves but also violating the customers' rights of free choice.
The requirement enshrined in Article 3(3)(i) will impact the freedom to conduct business of many companies relying on the abillity to provide alternative and Free Software firmware on devices. Alternative software is the foundation of many companies' products, and we should prevent economic disadvantages for these businesses.
Burdensome requirements to check every possible software's compliance will also have negative implications on innovation and charitable non-profit organisations who rely on software other than the manufacturers'. Efforts of volunteer associations helping people in need to connect to the internet, may be rendered void or severely handicapped.
Furthermore, alternative software on radio devices also promotes a sustainable economy. There are many devices still in working order which do not receive updates from the original manufacturers anymore, hence alternative software developed and improved by community efforts (such as Free Software) has a much longer support period which prevent users and customers having to dispose of still working equipment. In return, this also improves the security of users since older hardware still receives security updates after a manufacturer stops supporting those.
We are in favor of the Directive's aim to improve security of radio devices but not at the unbalanced expense of users' freedom and security in other areas. Firstly, upgrading the software of a device mostly helps increasing the devices' security. Secondly, we are convinced that such strict regulations are not necessary for typical consumer products with limited radio output power. And thirdly, we believe that such technical restrictions will not hinder people willingly violating applicable radio regulations.
Therefore, we ask EU institutions and the Member States to take these concerns into consideration and ensure that the Directive does not place blanket, unnecessary and disproportionate restrictions on the rights of consumers and businesses when implementing the Directive into national legislation.
We ask the European Commission to adopt delegated acts - as empowered by the European Parliament and Council (Art. 44) - which either
We ask member state legislators to
Most EU states have already transposed the directive into their national law. Some states are still missing, among them Germany, Austria, and Portugal. (Look at the list of transpositions here)
Even though the directive entered into force in June this year, it hasn't however, fully become active yet. New device classes still need to be defined:
In the beginning of December, the Commission has launched a call for applications for the expert group on provision 3.3 (i), the main RadioLockdown provision.
Search for “Reconfigurable Radio Systems (RSS)”, the Commission term for Software Defined Radio (SDR).
The equipment classes definition should exclude consumer grade radio equipment from the conformity check obligations of 3.3(i), so Community WiFi projects such as Freifunk, Guifi.net, and other initiatives can continue providing Internet access to communities, and Free Software developers and users can continue using WiFi cards in their laptops etc.
To this end, FSFE and Freifunk (through EDRi) will apply for the expert group. And if, hopefully, they are accepted, they will rely on all our expertise and input when submitting documents to the expert group.
The second, but equally, if not more important task is: you need to continue being vocal about the threats of the directive to you and your projects.
National governments and regulators will be represented in the expert group so they are the ones to reach out to.